Sewage Sludge Issues


WARNING: Since I could not access my original PA Sludge Site on Tripod anymore,
I changed over to this site; however, the original site index can still be accessed here.
My apologies for the inconvenience!

  • Long-lasting chemicals threaten the environment and human health
    Science News, December 21, 2010
    (also here)

  • SEWAGE SLUDGE OR BIOSOLIDS? Is It A Toxic Hazardous Solid Waste or Safe Fertilizer? Ignorance, Confusion, and Lies by Jim Bynum, VP and Gail Bynum, Ph.D Help for Sewage Victims - MAY 18, 2010

  • Rep. Bud Georges re "ACRE" - March 9, 2010

  • Beccaria PA fighting sludge application - Timothy Nebgen, The Progress News, April 8, 2009

  • Biosolids: The Proof of the Pudding ... Ben Oostdam story # 455, March 30, 2009

  • Bad deal between Phila Water Dept and SYNAGRO E-mail from Helane Shields, 20081107

  • It's a gas: City taps power in its sewer sludge -
    by Magdalene Perez, The Advocate, October 9, 2008

  • Is Sewage Sludge Angelo's Nex Asbestos? - Mike Silvestri -Baltimore Examiner, Sep.14, 2008

  • Select Sludge Stories - Sludge News, Sep.2008

  • Shrewsbury Ordinance Against Sludge - Ben Price ,September 7, 2008

  • Sludge Victim or Biosolid Victim? - Ben Oostdam, September 2, 2008

  • Detroit citizens to vote on Synagro deal - by Diane Bukowski, Michigan Citizen, August 15, 2008

  • Letters to Editor of Lancaster Farming as follows:
    -- "Sludge Not Environmentally Friendly" by Dr Caroline Snijder - August 8, 2008
    -- "Biosolids 'Environmentally-Friendly'" by Lisa Williams, SYNAGRO - August 1, 2008
    -- "Land Application of Sludge Raises Serious Concerns" by Paul J Solomon - July 18, 2008

  • Some claim health risks associated with sludge by Carol Henrichs - CH Blog August 8, 2008

  • Do not confuse sludge and biosolids
    -- do not forget to read the 8+ comments, either!! August 2, 2008

  • EVIDENCE: Synagro payoff by Diane Bukowski, The Michigan Citizen, August 1, 2008

  • Lancaster Farming Comment : (1) Biosolids "Environmentally Friendly" and Reply: (2) Sludge
    by (1) Lisa Williams, SYNAGRO and (2) Sandy Smith, President, PA Environmental Network, August 1, 2008

  • Refutal of Morganelli by Lancaster Farm, with concise comment by Helane Shield - July 25, 2008

  • Chemical cocktail still a mystery by Carola Vyhnak
    The Independent, week of July 24, 2008

  • D.A. Morganelli re PA A.G. misrepresentation about local ordinances re sludge spreading - July 16, 2008

  • PA solidarity against Attorney General re spreading of sludge - July 12, 2008

  • Video clip of Synagro Delegation - April 2008

  • Tamaqua official: "How do we know it's safe?" - Standard Speaker, May 7, 2008

  • SLUDGEFACTS - a highly recommended documentation source!
    organized by Citizens for Sludge-Free Land (CSFL)

  • Sludge Insurance Coverage
    research summary by Helane Shields - March 20, 2008

  • Pennsylvania farmers agree to stop spreading sludge - want to be good neighbors
    Borough council members, who were concerned the biosolids might contaminate municipal wells, ratify the deal.
    by Michelle Park, Reading Eagle, Pennsylvania - March 18, 2008

  • Sewer Sludge banned from Limestone
    by Karen Middleton, Athens News Courier - March 10, 2008

  • video of judge in Augusta Georgia ordering compensation
    March 9, 2008

  • Synagro -PA-Slaughterhouse Residue -
    Comments by Helane Shields about article by Michelle Park, Reading Eagle, PA - March 9, 2008

  • Sludge concern spreads in US
    by Brandy Rissmiller and Maria Herne, Staffwriters, The Times, March 8, 2008

  • Letter to Dr. Michael F. Adams, President, the University of Georgia -by F.Edwin Hallman Jr. Feb.29, 2008

  • Loudoun Neighbors Against Toxic Sludge
    January 28, 2008

  • Health Survey of Residents Living Near Farm Fields Permitted to Receive Biosolids
    Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health, Vol. 62, No. 1, 2007
    by Sadik Khuder, PhD; Sheryl A. Milz, PhD; Michael Bisesi, PhD; Robert Vincent, PhD; Wendy McNulty, MS; Kevin Czajkowski, PhD
    ABSTRACT. The authors studied the health status of residents living in Wood County, OH, near farm fields that were permitted to receive biosolids. They mailed a health survey to 607 households and received completed surveys from 437 people exposed to biosolids (living on or within 1 mile of the fields where application was permitted) and from 176 people not exposed to biosolids (living more than 1 mile from the fields where application was permitted). The authors allowed for up to 6 surveys per household. Results revealed that some reported health-related symptoms were statistically significantly elevated among the exposed residents, including excessive secretion of tears, abdominal bloating, jaundice, skin ulcer, dehydration, weight loss, and general weakness. The frequency of reported occurrence of bronchitis, upper respiratory infection, and giardiasis were also statistically significantly elevated. The findings suggest an increased risk for certain respiratory, gastrointestinal, and other diseases among residents living near farm fields on which the use of biosolids was permitted. However, further studies are needed to address the limitations cited in this study. KEYWORDS: biosolids, epidemiology, health survey

  • Two letters from Barbara Rubin about the "Virginia Expert Panel on Biosolids", October 29, 2007
    NOTE by BLO: based on past experience reflected on this site, I completely agree with Barbara's comments
    In my considered opinion, Dr. Rubin is the prime bio-terrorist in the USA for his and his former employer's
    propaganda in favor of "biosolids" - the very word being an outrageous lie!

  • E.Brunswick citizens vow to back ban - by Shawn A. Hessinger, Republican Herald - May 11, 2007

  • Assembly must write rules for sludge haulers - Lynchburg News & Advance - August 6, 2006

  • When government fails to protect - by Donald R. Serfass, TimesNews Online (, , July 27, 2006

  • Cornell Waste Management Institute: Links to recent reports and publications - June 2006

  • West Virginia closing order Mascaro - May, 2006

    Prions in Classes A and B Sludge Composting :
    reply by Helane Shields to Rufus Chaney, U.S. Composting Council Discussion, March, 2006

    Helen Shield's "Letter to the Editor" in response to "Little Cove questions safety of biosolids"
    by JIM HOOK (also included) November/December, 2005

  • Pine Twnshp Supervisors oppose creation of a State Agricultural Review Board
    September 8, 2004, The Indiana Gazette

  • Local garbage and sludge issues surface in Harrisburg
    August 2004, by Tom DiStefano, CLARION NEWS Writer

    Penn Twp.officials question A&M Composting plans
    July 31, 2004, Lancaster New Era
    COMMENT: DEP does, indeed, appear rather negligent,
    not even calling for a public hearing on this matter!!

    Whatever happened to "Sewage Sludge" ?
    April 30, 2004 search of the US EPS's :
    NPDES (National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System)
    for the term "sewage sludge"
    0 (zero) results !

    Mascaro Application for modification of Permit
    "to be submitted on or about April 12"
    April 27, 2004 (sic!), NOTICE in Lancaster New Era

    E-mail to PA Sen. James Rhoades re: "Why your constituents want
    an end to the landspreading of toxic/pathogenic sewage sludge"
    January 8, 2004 - by Helane Shields, Sludge Researcher

    Abstract of Editorial: In Defense of Local Control
    January 7, 2004 - New York Times

    E-mails re (A) EPA denial of petition for moratorium on sewage sludge spreading
    and (B) David Lewis Defence Fund

    January 7 and 8, 2004, by Dr. Caroline Snyder, Sierra Club Task Force
    and Helane Shields, Sludge Researcher

    E-mail to Composting Council protesting the renaming
    by EPA of "Class A Sewage Sludge" to "Compost"

    January 3, 2004 - by Helane Shields, Sludge Researcher

    Governor vetoes bill limiting local rules on farming
    January 1, 2004 (a good start, Gov.!) - by Peter Jackson, Lancaster New Era

    Court rulings muddy biosolids regulation
    December 30, 2003 - by Jim Hook, Public Opinion, Chambersburg, PA

    Considerations for use of sewage sludge on dairy farms
    December 15, 2003 - notice from Helane Shields, Sludge Researcher
    referencing Cornell Waste Management Institute documents

    Fight HB 1413 re LOCAL CONTROL
    November 14, 2003 - by Helane Shields, Sludge Researcher

    Corporate Contempt for Democracy -re SYNAGRO and DEP sign
    November 11, 2003 -by Scott H. Blanchard, President, CROP

    Response to CBS about WEF letter
    November 9, 2003 - by Caroline Snyder, Ph.D.

    City sludge, country qualms
    November 7, 2003 - by Dawn Fallik, Knight Ridder Newspapers

    EPA Admits Lack of Certainty on Safety
    of Sewage Sludge, Signals Apparent Policy Shift

    November 4, 2003: Musing -
    The ReSource Institute for Low Entropy Systems

    E-mail correspondence between Oostdam, Toffey and Shields re
    health effects of sludge:
    (Concluding) Email from Toffey to Oostdam re sewage worker health
    November 4, 2003

    [A] - (top) Oostdam to Shields (bottom) Toffey to Oostdam
    November 3, 2003
    [B] - Shields to Toffey (with numerous quotes)
    November 3, 2003a
    [C] - Shields to Toffey: MORE
    November 3, 2003b
    [C1] - to follow
    [C2] - Sickness Among Waste Water Plant Personnel
    November 3, 2003c: attachment to H.Shields' Email to Toffey, Nov.3, 2003b

    Sewage Fertilizer Under Fire
    October 29, 2003, CBS News

    Dioxins in Sludge
    October 24, 2003, Herald Tribune

    Rally calls for local control on sludge use on farmland
    by Richard Fellinger, Harrisburg bureau, York Sunday News
    October 23, 2003

    Neighbors protest sludge use: 100 rally at capital for 2-year moratorium
    by Susan Gvozdas Public Opinion, Chambersburg, PA
    October 22, 2003

    State rally rips sludge: Ill use noted in farming
    by Michelle Pittman, Pottsville Republican & Evening Herald
    October 22, 2003

    Harrisburg Rally Against Sludge
    October 21, 2003

    E mail from Helane Shields re Local Control
    in response to Rufus Chaney's memo of July 4, 2003
    September 26, 2003

    Synagro fined
    DEP announcement, September 23, 2003

    State takes a closer look at biosolids safety
    August 25, 2003 Public Opinion, Chambersburg, PA - by Jim Hook

    Interest comes from bottom up
    August 25, 2003 - Public Opinion, Chambersburg, PA - by Jim Hook

    Hazards of Sludge
    Sun Aug.17-Sun Aug 24, 2003 Herald Tribune Editorial - by Larry Evan

    Shippensburg council may upgrade sludge to Class A (Environment: Biosolids)
    August 8, 2003 - Public Opinion, Chambersburg, PA, by Jim Hook
    (alternative link)

    Questions raised on bid proposal
    for purchase at $50K of land to be used for operating a soil (biosolid) processing plant in Frailey Twnshp
    August 7, 2003: The News-Item; The Plumbing Outlet (

    Signs to notify all of biosolids: Montgomery Township approves new ordinance
    August 5, 2003 by Jim Hook, Public Opinion, Chambersburg, PA
    alternative link

    Supervisors eyeing biosolids ordinance - Regulations considered weak
    August 2, 2003 by Jim Hook, Public Opinion, Chambersburg, PA

    What is the Impact of Sludge?
    August 2, 2003, by Maria D. Martirano, Times/News

    Sludge Removal may be issue (Maryland Sludge to Pennsylvania?)
    July 30, 2003, by Maria D. Martirano, Times/News

    Sludge Foes Hosting Informational Meeting
    ult.July, 2003, Larimer, PA, Cumberland Times/News

    Emails re Boycott, July 28, 2003

    Citizens Boycott Sludge Conference - July 28, 2003

    'They have converted my water to a sewer' Homeowner blames biosolids for taint
    by Jim Hook, Public Opinion, Chambersburg, PA
    July 12, 2003

    Candidate presses for sludge law - Opponents : Moratorium beyond county authority
    May 9, 2003: Public Opinion, Chambersburg, PA, by Emily Phelps

    Two comments on Letter "Biosolids safe for farm use"
    March 13, 2003, Indiana Print and Publishing Co
    (1) by Ronald Crytzer, Smicksburg (2) Rep. Camille "Bud" George

    NYC dumps 95M pact with local sludge firm
    March 6, 2003 , Lancaster New Era, by Ad Crable

    please see: MASCARO files

    Text below copied from:
    National Biosolids Partnership:
    Weekly Biosolids Update:
    week of March 3, 2003, No.323

    To review the 8-5-02 letter and claims from the Pennock family to EPA Administrator Christine Todd Whitman, visit: To review the PA DEP 9-20-02 letter to EPA Administrator Whitman outlining their actions taken in response to the Pennock claims, visit: To review the July 2001 PA DEP Interim Report into the investigation of the death of Daniel Pennock, visit: To review the May 2000 PA DEP investigation into the death of Tony Behun, visit:

    Local consulting firm sued for death attributed to sludge
    February 27, 2003, Lancaster New Era

    "City, twp.dispute puts $ 950,000 sewerage grant at risk"
    February 27, 2003, Lancaster New Era, by Ryan Robinson: part A - part B

    Bedford sludge deal off
    December 26, 2002 - by Kathy Mellott, Tribune-Democrat

    Update on SYNAGRO accusations, EPA deposition, by Dr. Dave Lewis, November 10, 2002

    Right to Farm Act Protest
    October 9, 2002, Lancaster New Era

    PA AG files charges against Mascaro, October 1 and 13, 2002

    DEP attorneys have filed a motion asking the Environmental Hearing Board to reject an appeal for a supersedeas:
    (1) Original message circulated by Helane Shields with article in Pottstown Mercury of October 1, 2002 - October 2, 2002
    (2) E-mail from David E. Hess, Commissioner, PADEP, to Helane Shields - October 3, 2002
    (3) E-mail from Helane Shields to David E. Hess - - October 3, 2002

    E mail from Len Martin to Dr. David Lewis re SYNAGRO's "White Paper" concerning Tony Behun's death
    ........ including recent testimony of Joseph C. Cocalis, U.S. Public Health Service (retired)
    ........September 13, 2002

    Biosolids' risk not worth it, panelists say
    September 4, 2002, by Lisa Price, Republican Herald

    Sewage Sludge Hearing by Rep. Belfanti
    September 3, 2002 Mount Carmel, PA

    the Casher Case revisited
    Correspondence between Ellen Harrison of Cornell University and David Hess, Admin., PADEP
    concerning the Casher Case
    August 15, 2002

    by Caroline Snyder, Aug.4, 2002

    First Statewide Conference on Land Application of Sewage Sludge
    Carlisle, PA: August 3, 2002

    Federal study recommends new rules and studies for sewage sludge use
    July 11, 2002, by Tom DiStefano, CLARION NEWS Writer

    National study faults science behind sludge rules
    July 3, 2002: Rep. Camille George of PA asks to suspend Class B Sludge applications

    Tables of Incidents related to Sludge Spreading
    By Cornell University, latest update July 1, 2002

    Dr. David Lewis to Commissioner David Hess
    July 5, 2002
    a n d

    PADEP Commissioner David Hess to Dr. David Lewis
    July 5, 2002 (?)
    a n d

    Dr.David Lewis' response to PADEP David Hess' (PADEP Commissioner) comments
    July 5, 2002
    a n d

    Helane Shields to PA DEP Commissioner David Hess
    July 5, 2002
    concerning Tony Behun and Danny Pennock, that the cause of death was S. aureus


    June 23, 2002 by Helane Shields,

    Butler regulates biosolids
    June 23, 2002, by Lisa Cooney, Republican Herald

    United Mine Workers protests NIOSH change in rule
    June 20, 2002, Helane Shields reporting letter of James Lamont to Frank Hearl of March 20, 2002

    Bill Would Make It Hard to Limit Sludge
    June 18, 2002, Indiana (PA) Gazette, by Jason L. Levan

    June 14, 2002: copies of correspondence between Helane Shield and Robert Bastian, EPA

    Farms using sludge safe for people study says
    Friday, May 17, 2002 By Ad Crable New Era Staff Writer
    A L S O : Copy of Letter to Editor by Helane Shields about Ad Crable's headline

    Alert re Senate Bill 1413 plus explanation on the stand of Townships

    Copy of Senate Bill 1413

    Pennsylvania Senate Passes Bill to Eliminate Township Control of Corporate Factory Farms and Land Application of Sewage Sludge> and: State bill stirs debate in Manor Twp.
    May, 2002
    BLO comments: talking about railroading a bill! Now awaiting a court decision to see if townships protecting citizens from deleterious substances and toxics is "unfair" discrimination, or just fair? ;o]

    EPA Inspector General Report on Sludge Rule - April 4, 2002

    Sludge more harmful than beneficial
    February 25, 2002, Letter to the Editor, Lancaster New Era, by Ben Oostdam

    Reconsider safety of spreading sludge It seems prudent to continue checking the safety of this relatively new fertilizing process
    February 22, 2001, Editorials, Lancaster New Era

    Federal probe raises sewage sludge health concerns
    Investigation finds too little research exists to protect humans from the viruses,
    bacteria and toxins in the sludge spread on land

    February 7, 2002

    November 24, 2001

    About time people realize that there are sludge victims !!
    NOTE: if this link does not work, please try

    Bioterrorism by Biosolids: Response
    Letter to the Editor, Lancaster New Era, by B.L. Oostdam
    (NOTE: not published)
    Bioterrorism by Biosolids
    Letter to the Editor, Lancaster New Era, by B.L. Oostdam
    (re-headed by LNE to : "Monitor incoming sewage sludge with care.")

    Letter from National Sludge Association to U.S. Congress, October 15, 2001:
    requesting stop to land disposal of sludge and discontinuation of public funding of National Biosolids Partnership

    PDEP Chief Hess meets with Pennocks, parents of son thought killed by sludge
    E-mail and article, July, 2001

    Sludge Corruption in PA ?
    Email exchange and Sandy Smith's report re Springettsbury, York sludging suit, July 30, 2001 (also see York County Sludge Madness)

    PDEP announces Hearing Date re A &M Composting Permit Renewal
    July 18, 2001, starting 07:00 p.m (19:00) at Penn Twnshp Bldg, Manheim

    toxics in fertilizer
    quote from Duff Wilson , Seattle Times, dated July 15, 2001

    PDEP Secretary James M. Seif resigns
    Lancaster New Era, March 16, 2001

    Countians in anti-sludge petition drive
    Lancaster New Era, March 15, 2001
    includes reference to Sandy Smith, York Cy anti-sludge activist

    Please read Helane Shield's Email request and copies of letters
    addressed to NAS-NRC concerning bias in the constitution of the new
    committee to report on sewage sludge:
    Email from Len Martin, July 10, 2001 re "Toxic Chemical Review Process Faulted"
    copies of three letters
    letter from Cornell University Staff to NAS-NRC

    also: letter from Charlotte Hartman to NAS-NRC
    a n d
    letter to Hon.Christine Todd-Whitman, Administrator, USEPA
    March 1, 2001 protesting designation of EPA liaison to NAS-NRC

    Please check out: General Sludge Issues
    which includes case study and examples of health hazards of "biosolids"

    Please read and send your comments (within 60 days from Feb 10, 2001)
    to PDEP about this huge and questionable operation
    involving New York sludge processing
    and distribution of "biosolids" !

    NOTE: On February 9, 2001, I made a search of articles about
    J.P.Mascaro & Sons on the search page of PDEP;
    they provided 75 items which are summarized HERE for your judgment.
    Also take a look at the interesting Mascaro Website

    Notice re Application of A & M for renewal of license
    promulgated in Intelligencer Journal, February 7, 2001

    the Manor Landfill controversy :
    Links to scanned newspaper articles and to proponents' websites
    January 24, 2001 and subsequent dates

    Waste Disposal Issues

    Regional-sewage-system study appears near
    Lancaster New Era, March 14, 2001

    Suburban sewer rates rise 27%
    January 24, 2001, Lancaster New Era, by Cindy Stauffer and Ryan Robinson

    LASA seeking some new ways to use sludge

    January 24, 2001, Lancaster New Era, by Ad Crable

    Trash trucks inspection set
    October 14, 2000, Lancaster New Era,

    Safety of land sludge questioned :
    Boy died in 1994 after riding motor cycle
    through field treated with sewage
    May 15, 2000, Lancaster New Era

    Alcosan may fire firm that bribed Gigliotti
    about sludge hauling contract with a Newcastle company
    April 27, 2000

    re Lancaster Sludge Odor
    E-mail of April 26, 2000 from Bradley A. Striebig to BLO

    USEPA 40 CFR p.685-716, July 1, 1997: Standards for the use or disposal of sewage sludge"

    Please visit the Website of the

    Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection

    for details on SLUDGE, including:

    ...Agricultural Beneficial Use of Sewage Sludge

    ...Biosolids Home Page

    ...Municipal and Residual Waste

    ...1996 Waste Import Data

    Guide to Municipal and Residual Waste Permit Applications

    PA Dept.Envir.Protection Form N : Composting Facilities

    PA Dept.Envir.Protection Form 43: Request for Approval to Dispose of or Process Sewage Sludge

    Also see Agricultural Land Application of Biosolids in Virginia: Risks and Concerns
    by G.K.Evanylo, 1999, VA Cooperative Extension

    ...Letter from PA Governor Tom Ridge the Hons.George E. Pataki,
    .......... Governor of the State of New York
    ..........and Rudolph W. Giuliani,
    ..........Mayor of New York City
    ..........concerning alarming increase
    .......... in municipal waste imports from N.Y.

    For a more recent update, see:
    ...Governor Ridge on Out-of-State Waste
    ...........March 10, 1999

    Also visit the site of:
    the Pen Sludge Leadership Team

    ...For a series of graphs showing statistics on sewage sludge, please press here

    ...Also visit the general sludge issues Selection Page

    Mysterious Smell Around Lancaster, PA
    a series of articles published in the Lancaster New Era, December, 1999

    On October 27, 1999, I received a thorough briefing on the A & M operations by Mr. Tom Sweeney, Soil Scientist of PDEP. Thanks again, Tom!
    In addition to copies I made of documents requested earlier, I also received several relevant USEPA and PDEP documents, as well as four good summary reports prepared by Dr. Richard C. Stehouwer of Penn State - who, in response to my E-mail question wrote that these reports can be downloaded from their WWW site.

    NOTE: The letter below was acknowledged by TIME but not published.
    Instead, they featured comments by Joseph Cocalis in their October 4, 1999 issue.
    Copy of letter to TIME ..........submitted by Ben Oostdam on September 22, 1999

    Fight over Sludge Starts to Get Dirty.
    ..........TIME, Notebook - Environment, issue dated September 27, 1999

    DEP Issues Odor Penalties at Berks & Lancaster County Facilities
    July 16, 1999
    A & M composter fined
    ..........Lancaster New Era,
    ..........July 14, 1999

    Sewer, Waste Authorities, Trade Services
    ..........Sludge will be landfilled; swap will lower costs.
    ..........Ad Crable, Lancaster New Era, May 31, 1999:
    ............... part A
    ............... part B

    J.P. Mascaro & Sons Home Page

    "The New York City sludge issue is not that simple."
    ..........Letter to the Editor, Lancaster New Era,
    .......... Ben Oostdam, May 22, 1999

    Email to PA Dept.of Envir.Protection, Ben Oostdam, May 20, 1999

    NYC sludge will benefit Lancaster Farms
    ..........Letter to the Editor of Lancaster New Era, May 19, 1999 Robert E. Adamski, P.E., Deputy Commissioner
    ..........Director, Bureau of Wastewater Pollution Control, New York City

    ...New York Sludge Here!
    ..........Ad Crable, Lancaster New Era, April 9, 1999

    ..Dear NYC: Keep Your Trash!
    ..........County sites reject Big Apple waste, Ridge Survey finds
    ..........Ad Crable, Lancaster New Era, April 3, 1999
    ..........(included because article also refers to Manheim A&M
    .......... but press here for more about waste disposal from and in New York

    ...Editorial in Lancaster New Era,
    .......... March 23, 1999:
    .........."Before N.Y.sludge trucks roll,
    ...........................we need some answers."

    ...Sludge, Government Spokespersons, Manheim - our backyard
    ..........Letter to the Editor of the Lancaster New Era
    ..........Ben Oostdam, March 19, 1999
    ..............(as actually printed; comparison with letter as sent (below)
    ..............shows that copy of my June, 98 warning was mailed to PA Governor
    ..............Senate and DEP!)

    ...Sludge, Government Spokespersons, Manheim - our backyard
    ..........Letter to the Editor of the Lancaster New Era
    ..........Ben Oostdam, March 19, 1999
    ..........(actual text sent in Letter to Editor)
    Manheim plant ok'd for New York Sludge
    ..........Smell feared as 1 million tons begin arriving soon
    ..........Ad Crable, Lancaster New Era, March 18, 1999

    part 1 ........... part 2

    ...DEP, A & M neighbors smell a problem
    ..........Sludge Complaints
    ..........Ad Crable, Lancaster New Era, February 10, 1999

    ...Sludge testing bill gets House OK
    ..........But scope limited and Senate vote uncertain
    ..........Ad Crable, Lancaster New Era, November 17, 1998

    ...NYC sludge not coming - yet
    ..........Concerns about Manheim firm cited
    ..........Ad Crable, Lancaster New Era, June 30, 1998

    ...series of 3 Lebanon, PA sludge articles
    ..........published in the Lebanon Daily News, December 14, 1997

    ...Commentary in the Lancaster New Era
    ..........of December 8, 1997 by Dr.Ben Oostdam
    ..........concerning sludge imports into Lancaster County

    ... State may appeal judge's order to lift sanctions
    ..........against Manheim composter.
    ..........Ad Crable, Lancaster New Era, December 3, 1997

    ... Environmental Hearing Board
    ..........suspends order to cut sludge intake at A & M Composting

    ...Why does Barley
    ..........oppose saving farms from sludge?
    ..........Lancaster New Era, November 7, 1997

    ... Judge suspends limits on Penn composting plant
    ..........Temporary ruling lifts DEP order that severely reduced sludge intake
    ..........P.J. Reilly, Intelligencer Journal, November 12, 1997

    Rep. Barley aids A & M in sludge controversy
    Helps owner arrange meeting to air 'harassment'
    complaints against Pa. officials
    ..........Ad Crable, Lancaster New Era, October 20, 1997:
    ...part 1 (incl. photograph of State Rep. John E. Barley)

    ...part 2

    ...Will new Pa order kill NYC sludge deal here?
    ..........Ad Crable, Lancaster New Era, October 3, 1997

    ...Q & A re New York Sludge
    ..........responses by Sally Rowland of New York to some questions
    ..........asked by Ben Oostdam, October 1997

    ...Demos eye tough sludge controls; ...hit Rep. Barley
    ..........Tim Buckwalter and Ad Crable
    ..........Lancaster New Era, October 28, 1997

    ...Manheim sludge plant told to halve operations
    ..........Mandate expected to affect NYC sewage deal
    ..........(15 years $ 95.6 million contract to compost about 60,000 tons of N.Y. sludge per year...)
    ..........Ad Crable, Lancaster New Era, September 27, 1997

    Excellent article by Susan O. Stranahan in The Philadelphia Inquirer
    of September 9, 1997 entitled:
    "A growing protest that Pa is getting dumped on":

    ... [part 1] ... [part 2] ... [part 3] ... [part 4] ... [part 5 (=photograph of facility)]

    ...State will meet with compost plant critics
    ..........Lancaster New Era, September 4, 1997

    ...Opponents blast NYC sludge in county
    ..........Pa. to weigh closing firm next week
    a n d
    ......Sludge (cont.)

    ..........Ad Crable, Lancaster New Era, August 28, 1997

    ...W.Va.warns county about sludge firm

    a n d

    ...N.Y sludge, (cont.)
    ..........(includes map of N.Y.City sludge composting site in Manheim, Lancaster Cy, PA)
    ..........Ad Crable/Bill Dussinger,
    .......... Lancaster New Era, August 26, 1997

    ...EPA engineer: PA becoming 'pay toilet'
    ..........Lancaster New Era, July 10, 1997

    ...Local plant to process 14% of all NYC sludge
    ..........Ad Crable, Lancaster New Era, May 28, 1997

    ...Sludge forum slated for Friday at Farm & Home Center
    ..........Lancaster New Era, May 28, 1997

    ...Letter dated March 28, 1997 from NYC DEP Commissioner Joel A. Miele Biosolids Citizens Advisory Committee members
    ..........announcing hearing on April 9, 1997 re implementation of Biosolids Management Plan
    ..........(which includes 15 yr contract with Solid Waste Services, Manheim, PA)

    *...Pequea to mail letter stating sludge concerns
    ..........Neighbors Southern Lancaster County, March 5, 1997

    *...Quarryville farmer plans sludge spread
    ..........Jed Reinert, Neighbor Southern Lancaster County,
    ..........February 12, 1997

    Study Sludge Management
    May 24, 1996, Lancaster New Era, Editorial
    York Countians rebelling against Lancaster Sludge
    May 23, 1996, Lancaster New Era, by Ad Crable
    York Countians rebelling against Lancaster Sludge continued: Sludge Program
    May 23, 1996, Lancaster New Era, by Ad Crable

    ...Philadelphia Treated Sewage Sludge Disposal at Sea
    ..........Article by Ben Oostdam about Ocean Disposal of Sewage Waste in the 1970's
    ..........mainly for historic and environmentally responsible viewpoint
    ..........but particularly note the CONCLUSION !!

    first version: November 1, 1997;separated sludge_general.html: November 10,1997;
    modified: May 26, 1998; reorganized: January 8, 1999;
    latest versions: May 1, 2000; March 17, June 15, July 17, July 30, Oct.18, 2001;Feb.14, 22, 25, May 13,15, 18, June 14, 20, 21, 23, July 5,9,12, Aug.4,15, 29, Sep.4, 14, Oct.3, Nov.7, 10, 2002 ; March 9,May 11,July 29,Aug 9,27, Oct.27,30, Nov.3,6,8,10,19, 2003; March 3,5, April 30, August 1, 4, Sep.23, 2004 ; Dec.07, 2005;June 25,July 27,August 8, 2006; May 11, October 29, 2007; March 23,(April lost)/small> May 7, July 12, 16, 25, August 10,16, Sept.7,15, Oct.9,Nov.7, 2008, Apr.8, 2009;

    old file name=
    aka :

    present file name=
    Index of Websites by Ben Oostdam